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Showing posts from 2016

Ephesians 4:1-6

In the first three chapters we were edified by the knowledge of our spiritual wealth in Christ. In the last three chapters we are exhorted to have a spiritual walk through Christ (4:1, 17; 5:2, 8, 15). In these chapters Paul exhorts us concerning the good works that God has ordained for us to walk in (Eph. 2:8-10). Many try to separate doctrinal teaching from practical preaching, but they go together and both are necessary. The strength of application is a solid doctrinal foundation. Sound doctrine has a life changing effect when it is believed and obeyed (Rom. 6:17). 
[1] I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called,
The law commanded, but grace beseeches. To “beseech” basically means “to plead with.” Paul used that word about twenty-three times in his epistles, which is fitting since he is the apostle of grace. 
The word “vocation” refers to our calling. We must know the “hope of our calling” (Eph. 1:15-19). We have a “h…

Ephesians 3:14-21

In the latter part of this chapter we find Paul’s second prayer which concludes the doctrinal section of the epistle. Paul’s prayers for the Body of Christ recorded in his prison epistles are all about spiritual things. He does not pray that we would receive things we don’t have, but rather that we would understand and enjoy all that we do have in Christ. 
[14] For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,  [15] Of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named, 
Bowing the knees in prayer is a symbol of humility (Acts 20:36). It is not necessary to always bow the knees when praying (Neh. 2:4). The most important thing is to bow the heart in true humility before God. Scriptural prayer is to the Father, in the name of the Son (Eph. 5:20), and in the Spirit (Eph. 6:18). All believers are in the same spiritual family of God (Gal. 3:26). Christ called the Father "Abba" when He prayed (Mk. 14:36). The Spirit of Christ in us gives us that same intimate a…

Ephesians 3:1-13

In chapter one we discovered some of our spiritual blessings as members of the Body of Christ. In chapter two we learned how we were made members of His Body. In the first part of the third chapter Paul shows that the Body was a mystery that was first revealed through him.
This passage is a key in understanding Paul’s distinct message and ministry as the apostle to Gentiles in this age of grace. If words have any meaning, there is a dispensational difference between the ministry of the twelve apostles and the ministry of Paul.
Consider these basic distinctions: 1. The twelve were chosen by Christ on earth (Lk. 6:13-16), but Paul was chosen by Christ from heaven (Acts 9:3-6). 2. The twelve were appointed to lead Israel (Matt. 19:28), but Paul was appointed to lead the Body of Christ (Col. 1:24-26). 3. The twelve represent the twelve tribes of Israel (Matt. 19:28), but Paul represents the one Body (he was both a Hebrew and a Roman citizen, Phil. 3:5, Acts 22:28). 4. The twelve knew Christ…

Ephesians 2:11-22

[11] Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands;  [12] That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
In latter part of this chapter (vs.11-22), the apostle Paul shows the clear dispensational change in Gods dealings with the Gentiles in this present age. God never changes in His person, principles, and promises (Mal. 3:6; Heb. 13:8), but He does change in His dealings with man. The Bible is a complete revelation, but it was given progressively and not all at once. All scripture is profitable for us, but in order to gain the profit from God’s word that He has placed in it for us we must study it His way (2 Tim. 2:15). All the Bible is the word of truth, but we must recognize and consistently maintain the divisions that God put in His …

Ephesians 2:1-10

The first chapter was about our possessions as members of the Body of Christ. This chapter is about our position as members of the Body of Christ. The first chapter was all about what it means to be a member of the Body of Christ. In this chapter we learn how we become members of the Body of Christ. It is not by anything that we are or that we can do. It is totally by the GRACE of God! Only God can take a dead sinner and make him a living saint. There is a stark contrast between the way this chapter opens and closes. Those who were once a habitation for the spirit of Satan (v.2) are made to be a habitation of God through His Spirit (v.22).
The first part of the chapter deals with sinners as individuals (vs.1-10) and the later part with Gentiles as a group (vs.11-22). Both passages outline themselves: 
I.Who we were (vs.1-3) II.But God (vs.4-9) III.Who we are now (v.10)
I.In times past (vs.11-12) II.But now (vs.13-18) III.Ye are (vs.19-22)
[1] And you hath he quickened , who were dead in tresp…

Ephesians 1:15-23

[15] Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love unto all the saints,  [16] Cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers; 
Paul was always thankful to hear about the testimony of real Christians. Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ and love unto all the saints are hallmarks of authentic Christianity. 
In the first part of this chapter (vs.1-14), the apostle Paul mentions seven spiritual blessings. In the latter part of the chapter (vs.15-23), he prays for the Body of Christ in regard to these blessings. He does not pray that we would be able to obtain these blessings, but rather that we would know that we already have it all in Christ! 
Due to their ignorance of the Pauline epistles, most believers today are seeking for things they already have in Christ and are therefore not enjoying the Christian life as they should be. They lack peace and joy because of their failure to know and believe who God has made them in Christ. For example, most…

Ephesians 1:1-14

[1] Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus:
Paul’s name is the first word in every epistle that he wrote (2 Thess. 3:17). God put an emphasis on Paul’s distinct ministry. Many of his epistles state something about his apostleship in the first sentence (e.g. Gal. 1:1). He was given a distinct ministry from the twelve apostles and therefore his apostleship was constantly under attack.
All believers are saints (sanctified in Christ). It is God’s will that we are part of two churches in this age. We become members of the church which is the Body of Christ upon salvation and we should also assemble together locally with other like-minded believers for service (see also Phil. 1:1-2; Col. 1:1-2). 
Commentators make a big deal about the words “at Ephesus” supposedly not being in some of the ancient manuscripts. They talk about how this was to be an encyclical letter. All of Paul’s letters were copied and passed…

Introduction to Ephesians

The apostle Paul’s epistle to the Ephesians contains 6 chapters, 155 verses, and 3,022 words. This is not a detailed commentary on every verse, but rather a collection of my personal study notes on this great epistle. Due to a busy schedule, time has not been spent on editing for grammatical and spelling mistakes. Thank you in advance for overlooking them. I do not claim complete originality for everything written in these notes. I appreciate the help that I have gleaned from others. 
It is my goal in these notes to help you gain a basic understanding of what each passage says and teaches as you study the book for yourself. Of course, this will not be possible unless you personally: 1. Believe the word of God (1 Thess. 2:13) 2. Submit to and rely upon its Author (2 Tim. 3:16) 3. Consistently follow His rule of study (2 Tim. 2:15)
The Pauline epistles are not arranged chronologically but according to a divine order for the spiritual edification of the Body of Christ. According to 2 Tim. 3…